Posturology belongs to the field of neuroscience. That discipline started and mainly developed in France in the years 1980’s. Let us point out that just before that time there was also some pioneers in Portugal and Japan. But we have to wait until the years 2000’s to see posturology internationalize. Thus it is a very new discipline.

 

 

Consensual definition:

The posture (what must not be mixed up with the position) is the development and active control of the different body segments configuration in the space, it expresses the way used by the organism to face the stimulations from the external world and react to it.

 

The posture is the result of a complex neuromuscular activity, inducing segments stabilization, especially during the upright standing position, even sitting position (actually every time we are actively subjected to the gravity), at the lowest energy cost. It is under the dependence of the postural system, itself made up of several subsystems:

  • The central nervous system
  • The postural muscles
  • The different postural sensors: eyes, sole of the feet, inner ear, tendons, viscera

The whole set of information derived from these sensors are treated in real time by the central nervous system for the posture development.

 

The postural syndromes are the consequence of trouble in the fusion of that information.

They will generate 3 big sets of symptoms:

  • Pains and deformations (95%)
  • Instabilities (15%)
  • Fatigue, moodiness and cognitive troubles (40%)

These symptoms can be in isolation or get together.

 

 

Postural syndrome treatments:

 

Because of the postural system complexity, the expert in posturology needs to have a comprehensive knowledge of the many specialized organs implicated in the postural system.

In fact, it does not really exist posturologist professional, but rather medical professional expert in posturolgy, who can be medicine doctors, physical therapists, dentists, orthodontist, foot doctor, ophthalmologist, optometrist, speech therapist, otorhinolaryngology doctor, since each expert is involved directly or indirectly in posturology.

In addition to the conventional examination such as radiography, MRI and so on, a specific examination and fine analysis of the postural system is required, and sometimes a specific assessment of incriminated organs or sensorial systems: optometry, inner ear, occlusive dentistry, etc... 

 

Treatments depend on each case and include different technics such as:

  • Specific manual manipulations (orthopraxy)
  • Auricular therapy and specific acupuncture
  • Proprioceptive insoles
  • Dental and/or occlusive treatment
  • Lingual and/or oral rehabilitation
  • Vestibular rehabilitation

The list is not exhaustive.

 

Which are the criteria to meet a posturology expert?

  • In case of chronic or recurrent muscular pains, resisting to all treatments.
  • In case of a set of symptoms such as: instability, headaches, fatigue, and conventional examination does not reveal anything (for example: after a whiplash)
  • Noticeable trouble of the posture (kyphosis, scoliosis)
  • Some cases of dyslexia in children

 

Depend on which system is incriminated and the qualification of the therapist, it is sometimes necessary to meet more than one expert in posturology (dentist, ophtalmologist, etc...)

 

Comment: Many patients with chronic pains referenced as “fibromyalgia”, “osteoarthritis”, even “psychological”, have actually quite often postural syndrome. 

More information about posturology and auriculotherapy here:

https://www.miridiatech.com/news/2017/07/posturology-and-its-connection-to-auriculotherapy/